JEAN BAPTISTE ADAM (c. 1644-1711)

Genealogy Notes and Short Biography

Originating in Brienon-L'Archeveque, Auxerre Bourgogne, France. Brienon is an extremely old locality: it existed already at the time of the occupation of the area by the Romans. Saint Wolf (or Leu), archbishop of Direction deceased in year 623, had inherited the baronnie of Brienon; he bequeathed it to his successors, so that for a long time the place went under the name of Brienon-l' Archbishop, that it still carried during the birth of Jean Adam.

Jean Adam immigrates to Canada before 1663 and marries, on 10 Feb 1674, Marie Mézeray, born in Quebec City, Quebec, on Sunday October 21, 1657, daughter of Rene Mézeray and Nicole Gareman. From their union are born nine children.

He arrives in Quebec with next to nothing, since he lived among the Jesuits for several years. He had a good head for businesses: he acquired land at Lauzon-de-la-Pointe, Lévy, built a house and ends up establishing a business undoubtedly lucrative since it was proposed to assist the merchants.

It is known that he is within the country since 1663, since he had land in Lauzon, that he resells, on July 29, 1668, to Jean Dumets (Demers). The Jesuit Relations tell of what one supposes being a miracle happen upon him. Whereas he is in the woods in the company of his master Eustache Lambert, on March 24, 1665, he has violent , evil and sharp pains to his eyes and loses his sight completely. After having made a promise to go on a pilgrimage (novena) to Saint-Anne (Bowsprit) and even to Lorette in Italy, he recovers his sight. Carpenter by trade, he undoubtedly has to go to work with the construction on the forts of Richelieu in 1667, which explains the fact that his name does not appear in the census records of that time.

After having sold his ground in Lauzon in 1668, he acquires a dwelling of ninety arpents which belongs to Antoine Pouyaut in Cap-Rouge. He makes 100 pounds for this sale. On August 18, 1669, he is committed to covering shingles of oak or drowning the house of the sior Ruette d' Auteil and covering boards embouvetées without rod on a small house contiguous to large, the whole with some other odd jobs for the sum of 300 pounds, of which he received 234 pounds and 7 grounds, that he used to pay for the acquisition of his land in Cap-Rouge and the fishing rights which are there.

During the following years, he is devoted especially to his work of carpentry, engaging inter alia, for 380 pounds, to make the floors, windows, attic windows, doors and partitions of the house of Étienne Landron. It is the beginning also for him of a good series of appearances in Prévôté of Quebec. He seems to have taken on more than he was able to do.

Thus, Étienne Landron brings him to court, August 1, 1673, because he did not honor their contract, as he did not finish.

It is at that time, whereas he is said to inhabit Cap-Rouge, that on February 28, 1672, he buys of Pierre Normand a house in Sous-le-Fort à Québec. Next on March 15, he rents his land of Cap-Rouge for two years at a rate of twenty corn minots and ten pea minots per year to Étienne Chevalier. The contracts of joinery continuing to flow, on October 5, 1672, he engages for three years of service, realising 90 books per year, the voluntary worker Jean Lalande. The following year, he pays 65 pounds and a hundred eels to Pierre Renaut for the fishing rights with benefit on his dwelling at Cap-Rouge from August 15 to November 1st. In 1665, he is not present at several lawsuits against him in Prévôté, Quebec and he loses the suits. He then is said living in the seigniory of Notre-Dame-des-Anges.

It is about 1673, in Sillery, that Jean Adam built a home with Marie Mezeray, girl of Rene and Nicole Gareman. Rene Mezeray, who was known as Nopces (old epellation of weddings), had himself lived among the Jesuits and, at the time of the census of 1667, he lived with Eustace Lambert and family, on an important farm which counted 100 arpents in value, coast Saint-Ignace (Sillery).

He succeeds as notary of the seigniory of Lauzon Claude Maugue in 1677. His clerk's office however is lost to fire on 14 Aug 1678. He does not remain very long at this station since, in 1680, he lives in Beaumont where he passes the remainder of his days. He obtained there a concession of the sior Couillard, on March 24, 1680. He is there at the time of the census of 1681. In 1683, in company of Vincent Bériau dit Poitevin, he agrees to complete for the architect Claude Baillif several works of joinery to his house, the floors, the partitions, the doors and the frames. He was paid, 21 pounds per hundred boards, 37 pounds per hundred beams, 50 grounds per door and 7 books per frame.

His parents-in-law Rene Mézeray and Francoise Milot give them a gift of their dwelling at Neuville, on December 28, 1689, provided that he gives them an annual rent of thirty corn minots and five pea minots. The act specifies that he lives then at this place. But on March 14 following, this agreement is cancelled. As marguillier of Beaumont in 1697, he is committed to restoring the church. He dies in Beaumont where he was buried on September 3, 1711. His widow dies at the same place, on November 22, 1714.


The 1666 Census of Quebec "Estat General des Habitantes du Canada" lists his dwelling as follows, living with: Eustache Lambert-48yrs Merchant, Marie Lambert his wife age 34yrs, sons Gabriel 8yrs and Eustache 7yrs, daughter Marie 4yrs, Jean Adam - 22yrs-Menuisier Engaige (Carpenter), Thomas LeFebrve 24yrs-Engaige, Andre Robidou 26yrs-Engaige, Pierre Bergereau 60yrs-Engaige, Andre Bergereau 23yrs-Engaige and Gabriel Borjerron 23yrs-Engaige.

On 26 November 1678, Jean Adam witnesses marriage of Lalifle Martin and Jennifer Thibodeau at St. Josephs, Levis, Chaudierre-Appalaches, QC

On 29 May 1682, Denis Belleperche married Catherine Gertrude Guyon at Lauzon (Beaumont). Marriage witnessed by Jean Adam [Jettes Pg80].

In the Spring of 1681, Jean Adam witnessed marriage of Ursule Trud & Antoine Bisson.



1st Mention, 2nd Mention, 3rd Mention, 4th Mention, 5th Mention, 6th Mention, 7th Mention, 8th Mention, 9th Mention